5 rcauthon Asked: February 17, 20212021-02-17T21:35:30+00:00 2021-02-17T21:35:30+00:00In: Baskets, Fixtures & Racks CFC, Graphite, or Moly, which is the best choice for vacuum ovens? 5 When choosing fixtures and baskets, which material makes the most sense when using a vacuum oven? fixtures – carbon Share Facebook 4 Answers Voted Oldest Recent AlessiaP 2021-02-18T13:35:33+00:00Added an answer on February 18, 2021 at 1:35 pm Hot zones are the hearth of every vacuum furnace. When purchasing a new furnace, you might face with the Hamletic doubt about hot zones: graphite-based or all-metal design hot zone? That’s the question! The graphite wafer is an excellent material. It allows operation at very high temperatures (up to 3000°C based on the vacuum level), has low density, reduced weight and modest thermal capacity. It creates the ideal black body conditions (emissivity about 1) inside the heating chamber for obtaining high uniformity. All-metal hot zones are used in high demand industries where sensitive materials are processed, such as aerospace, electronics and medical. There are heat treatments that require a particularly clean environment or extreme vacuum levels. There may be different reasons: in some cases the chamber’s graphite could interfere with the process, resulting in unwanted carburation of the pieces treated. In other cases, the load could be particularly sensitive to the presence of residues in the oxygen or hydrogen atmosphere (which could lead to embrittlement of the pieces), and so graphite wafer degassing during the cycle could be damaging. In these circumstances, the user should opt for all-metal heating chambers (shields and resistor). If you want more information on this topic and a detailed analysis of the differences, take a look at the following 2 articles: Vacuum furnace hot zone: graphite vs all-metal design [1/2] Vacuum furnace hot zone: graphite vs all-metal design [2/2] 5 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp rcauthon CWI 2021-02-18T13:53:16+00:00Replied to answer on February 18, 2021 at 1:53 pm Thanks for the information. My direct question was related to fixturing, not hot zones for htre furnace. 0 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Greg Kimble 2021-02-18T19:29:40+00:00Added an answer on February 18, 2021 at 7:29 pm The answer is complex in that it depends on a number of things as follows: The materials being placed in or on the basket or fixture. The material the hearth is made of and the hearth design. The operating temperature of the process. Load weight of the materials to be placed in the basket or on the fixture. Cross section of the materials in the basket or on the fixture. Temperature uniformity requirements of the load relating to the openness of the basket to allow uniformity. And of course budget. Graphite is easy to work with and relatively inexpensive. Molybdenum is difficult to work with and is expensive CFC is strong but expensive and not as easy as graphite to repair 1 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp patrickduis 2021-03-03T15:29:55+00:00Added an answer on March 3, 2021 at 3:29 pm Graphite 1 Reply Share Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on WhatsApp Leave an answerLeave an answerCancel reply Featured image Select file Browse Add a Video to describe the problem better. Video type Youtube Vimeo Dailymotion Facebook Choose from here the video type. Video ID Put Video ID here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdUUx5FdySs Ex: "sdUUx5FdySs". Answer Anonymously Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.